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Chapter 5: Splitting Windows and Tabs

Splitting Windows and Tabs

You will often encounter situations where you need to edit the current document with reference to another document (scenario: translation), or copy code from another document to the current document (scenario: copying html element class names to a css document). copy code from another document to the current document (scenario: copying html element class names to a css document), this is when you need to split the screen the most.


  • :split abbreviation :sp or Ctrl-w s split up and down.
  • :vsplit Abbreviation :vs or Ctrl-w v Split left and right.
  • :diffsplit Abbreviation :diffs Diff mode opens a split screen and can be followed by {filename}.

Window jumping

  • Ctrl-w w Activate next window.
  • Ctrl-w j Activates the next window.
  • Ctrl-w k Activate the upper window.
  • Ctrl-w h Activate left window
  • Ctrl-w l activates the right window

Move split screen

  • Ctrl-w l Moves to rightmost window
  • Ctrl-w H Moves to the leftmost side.
  • Ctrl-w K Move to the top
  • Ctrl-w J Move to the bottom
_Note: Case sensitive. Alternatively, you can move the bottom screen to the right side for a top/bottom to left/right split screen conversion. _

Screen zoom

  • Ctrl-w = Average window size
  • Ctrl-w + Increase height
  • Ctrl-w - Reduce height
  • Ctrl-w _ Maximum height
  • Ctrl-w > Increase width
  • Ctrl-w < Reduce width
  • Ctrl-w | Maximum width
Practice! Practice! Practice!

Tagged pages

The buffer mentioned in Chapter 2 and the split-screen operation just mentioned are good for switching between a small number of files. I don't think it's convenient to have more than 3 files, but tabs are better for switching between multiple files.

Create a tab

  • :tabnew or :tabedit abbreviation :tabe opens a new tab.
  • Ctrl-w gf opens a new tab with the name of the file at the current cursor position
Note: Both :tabnew and :tabedit can be followed by a to open the specified file in a new tab. to open the specified file in a new tab, and : can be followed by a number indicating the position of the new tab in the list (starting from 0). _

Switch tabs

  • gt or :tabnext Abbreviation :tabn Next tab (last one loops to first)
  • gT or :tabprevious Abbreviation :tabp Previous tab (first one loops to last)
  • :tabrewind abbreviation :tabr or :tabfirst abbreviation :tabfir to the first one
  • :tablast abbreviation :tabl to the last tab

Close a tab.

  • :tabclose Abbreviation :tabc to close the current tab
  • :-tabc Close previous tab
  • :+tabc Close the next tab
  • :tabonly abbreviation :tabo close other tabs
The next chapter will cover block operations.